Rural Romania: Horse Carts and Haystacks

/Rural Romania: Horse Carts and Haystacks

Rural Romania: Horse Carts and Haystacks


We have to begin by admitting that we simply fell in love with Romania and have given a good deal of thought how to document our experience there. In the end we have decided to do two postings about Romania. This posting will focus on the rural life so predominant to this day, particularly in the north of the country. And a second blog will deal more with the several cities we visited and the magnificent and historical painted monasteries and wooden churches which dot the countryside.  There will be a steam engine ride included as well. Because Bonnie’s photos are so extensive and we think so engrossing of Romania, we will also include two Flickr albums of photographs linked to these blog postings with the link at the end of each blog posting.

Romania is immediately set apart from its neighboring countries by its ethnic makeup.  Romanians are not Slavs but a nationality all their own with a language predominantly derived from Latin rather than Slavic.  Certainly there is Slavic in their language–they say “da” for “yes” as do their Slavic neighbors–but their history is significantly separated from the other countries in the region, and as a people they have maintained their ethnicity throughout their history.  This includes long periods of domination and rule by both the Ottoman and the Hungarian Empires.  Today there are many Hungarians who have long resided in Romania, as well as a large German population, called ‘Saxons,’ first invited to Romania by King Bela IV of Hungary in 1241 after the Mongol invasion.   There is also a strong historical regionalism in Romania which was only united into one country after the First World War.

But consider first just how beautiful the countryside is. The Carpathian mountains sweep down from the northeast and then traverse the country east to west and are the backbone of Transylvania, that most famous of Romanian areas.

iPhone Romania Combo

Painted Monasteries, Romania_4

Charles Frazier wrote a wonderful novel called Cold Mountain and it was turned into a film released in 2003. It is set near the end of the Civil War and centers on a Confederate deserter trying to return to his home in mountainous North Carolina. The rural scenes were filmed almost entirely in Transylvania, still without electric lines and other modern eyesores and possessing the same rural beauty as the Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina. While we did not travel through all of Romania—we didn’t go to the capital Bucharest or to the Delta of the mighty Danube on the Black Sea—we were struck by the stark and primitive beauty of the countryside.  Lonely Planet calls northern Romania the last area of Europe still living as if in the nineteenth century.

Let’s begin with the horse carts, for they certainly contribute significantly to the starkly primitive nature of rural life in Romania, particularly in the northern district called Maramures. Here is a road sign absolutely common across Transylvania and Maramures.


We saw horse carts everywhere! It was hard to travel more than a few miles without encountering one, sometimes with one horse,


and often with two, and in groups of two or three.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_2

If we could generalize about the cargo they were carrying beyond people, it was overwhelmingly hay as in this photo.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania

Which brings us to the importance of this crop, since it is by far the predominant one and essential to the survival of livestock through the brutally cold winters.  Virtually every stalk of hay or grass is cut and utilized for feed.  The front lawns of houses, the shoulders of roads, and of course any open pastureland is cut for fodder. With few exceptions, that cutting is not done with gas powered mowers or tractors with industrial cutters, but by individual people with the oldest of grass cutting tools, the sythe.  Here is an older gentleman working a roadside.


Swung in a sweeping circular motion close to the ground, it cuts with a blade sharpened about every five minutes or less. Sharpness is all!  It is then raked up and sometimes loaded onto hay wagons


and taken closer to barns or outbuildings.


Note the tractor in the picture above—a very modern farm indeed!

More commonly, it is raked by hand into smaller bunches and then stacked in the fields themselves as in the photo at the top of this posting or here, beyond a cemetery. It is also often just draped over wooden forms in the fields and stored in that simple way.

Painted Monasteries, Romania_3

In addition, the family vegetable garden is essential for life and literally every family has one.  Everywhere we saw people, women in particular, working the fields, always with hand tools, usually hoes, shovels, and rakes.  We cannot recall ever seeing mechanical tools employed in tending the vegetables.  Beans, cabbages, tomatoes, onions and squash seemed to be the favorites we could identify this early in the season.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_3

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_4

If they were not at work in the fields, they were carrying produce or their tools to and from the fields.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_6

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_9


The second woman is carrying a rake with teeth made of wood instead of steel–the common type we saw.

To give you some idea of what their homes are like, this is a particularly attractive one with a workshop to the right. Note the enormous supply of firewood in preparation for the coming winter.

Walk around Breb, Romania_2

The simple sleds hanging on this barn wall are also testament to the severity of the winter.

Walk around Breb, Romania_3

We also frequently saw pots and pans hanging outside front doors or even in trees in front of houses.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_13

It turns out that this is a means of demonstrating wealth, for if you can afford so many pots and pans that you can just hang them outside, you certainly must be wealthy. And we learned that if there is a red pot on the top, there is an eligible daughter in residence and suitors are invited to inquire!

The farmhouses in the Maramures region are also famous for their extravagant gates, often with extensive carvings, and also act as an advertisement to the wealth of the occupants. Here is a new and rather impressive example.

Viseu de Sus Train, Maramures, Romania

But time has also taken its toll on many of them.

Walk around Breb, Romania

We were also impressed by the shingled roofs we saw everywhere. Early on we watched a woodworker carefully use a drawknife to cut away the bottom of shingles to give them their delicate shape.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_5

And we loved the woven vine fences we often saw—artful and practical at the same time and shingled on top as well!

Viseu de Sus Train, Maramures, Romania_2

We also loved the storks we saw everywhere in villages atop electrical poles, most with babies almost ready to fly themselves.  Turns out many towns erect metal hoops atop their poles to encourage the storks to nest, since they are a guarantee of good luck!


But more than anything, we loved the friendly people of Romania, whether collectively leaving church in a town of wooden homes in the country, the young girls enthralled by a baby,

Walk around Breb, Romania_4

the women in their native finery,

Walk around Breb, Romania_5

or the men, some in their peasant shirts and ‘nipple hats,’ talking in the street after the service.

Walk around Breb, Romania_6

And everywhere the women moving around town no matter what,

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_8

and talking expressively among themselves.

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_10

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_12

Drive Viseu de Sus to Breb, Romania_11

We loved Romania. We will be back.  For more photos go to the Flickr album associated with this blog post:

2019-01-02T21:10:12-07:00June 11th, 2016|Categories: Romania|


  1. Bruce Kelley June 11, 2016 at 9:34 am - Reply

    Wow! Romania is now high on my bucket list. Thanks for the informative post. Is there much English spoken?

    • Dave Law July 19, 2016 at 9:59 am - Reply

      Sorry to take so long to reply, Bruce. There is lots of English spoken. Like Bulgaria where so many Brits have settled, there are many in Romania and lots of Dutch as well, and of course they all speak English.

  2. Travel with Kevin and Ruth June 11, 2016 at 9:36 am - Reply

    Wow, great pictures! Can’t wait to get to Romania this fall. The countryside reminds me of Czech Republic or Slovakia at times with the haystacks and some of the attire. although it was mostly just the older generation that we saw dressed like that. Looks lovely, hoping that the weather will still be decent, we know it will be cooler but hopefully not cold.

    Looking forward to your next post.


  3. Harold Hall June 12, 2016 at 2:04 pm - Reply

    Very nice write-up on Romania. I’m guessing the hay stacks will be gone by the time we get there in August, but it all looks very interesting. Thank you for the info, you are giving us confidence and helping us plan.

    • Dave Law July 19, 2016 at 9:58 am - Reply

      Think that by now you must be getting ready to go, Harold. And we are convinced that you will love it–and the photo ops are splendid!

  4. Rick June 13, 2016 at 2:37 am - Reply

    Hi Guys

    I have to say I knew nothing of Romania but have learnt more by reading your great blog and photos! As you say, it’s like going back in time!

    Look forward to the next installment
    Rick & Liz

    • Dave Law July 19, 2016 at 9:56 am - Reply

      Thanks you two! Wish we were going to see you and family this summer, but looks like it isn’t going to happen!

  5. Ruth Iravani Hack June 15, 2016 at 10:27 am - Reply

    Now, I too, have fallen in love with Romania due to your exquisite photos and informative commentary. Keep them coming dear friends. xxRuth

    • Dave Law July 19, 2016 at 9:56 am - Reply

      Thanks Ruth. Just posted another one on Hungary and now in Poland with something soon on it.

  6. Shavarsh June 19, 2016 at 6:16 pm - Reply

    Hi Bonnie and Dave, this is better than any travel guide or book. I can imagine the wonderful time you are having!

    • Dave Law July 19, 2016 at 9:53 am - Reply

      Thanks Shavarsh–love your enthusiasm and miss you! Hope we can connect somewhere before too long!

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